Tour to Moscow, 2 days / 1 nights

Dear Guests!

We invite you to make a short tour to Moscow before going to TransSib excursion. It will be better for you to have a short rest after arriving from your country before this full of impressions trip to Siberia.

Dear Travellers!

If you want to make your own route on Trans-Siberian Railway, please, contact us, and we will gladly try to do our best to fulfil your wishes. You can add some more cities or excursions. Also you can add some more days in every city. We are waiting for your request!

Precios desde 407 Euro per persona!

Por ejemplo, DBL alojamiento en hotel Cosmos**** (desayuno incluido) 1 noche, 1 billete para el tren Moscu - Ulan-Bator - 407 Euro per persona.

Envien sus preguntas a info@transsib-russia.com.

About Siberia

Siberia is an enormous area in north Asia spreading from the Urals in the west to mountainous ridges of the Okhotsk Sea coast in the east, from the Arctic Ocean in the north to borders with Kazakhstan, Mongolia and China in the south. 

Three great rivers, the Ob, the Yenisei and the Lena, flow across the territory of Siberia. The world cleanest and deepest Lake Baikal is found here. The world greatest lowland, the West-Siberian Plain, covers 2.7 million km of Siberia' territory. About a half of the planet's boreal forests grow here. Here is the world largest forest-swamp natural complex. Mountainous massifs and highlands occupy large areas in Eastern Siberia. Mountain systems border Siberia from the west, the east and the south, enclosing it from cyclones of the Atlantic and the Pacific Oceans, as well as from hot Central Asia. In Siberia, latitudinal zoning of natural landscapes is well expressed. From the north to the south, tundra passes into boreal forests, forest-steppe alternates steppe. Mountains, characterised by vertical zoning of climate and biota, frame these landscapes. 

Common points for the whole Siberia are an extreme continental and often cold climate and vast permafrost areas. 

Extraction and processing of minerals, industrial pollution, devastating forest felling, extensive land management and reservoirs of large hydroelectric power stations make an essential impact on Siberian nature. However, thanks to Siberia's dimensions, it still contains large, relatively slightly impacted territories, where pollution is of focal character, which favours studies of natural plant and animal communities and environmental problems. The area of Siberia is greater than one-half of the area of the Russian Federation, almost equal to the area of Europe, almost a quarter of the entire Asia or 1/15 of the whole land of the Earth. In dimensions, population density and climatic conditions, Siberia is mostly similar to Canada. 

Comparative figures

-RussiaSiberiaCanadaUSAChina
Area, thousand km217,0759,6539,9769,3739,597
Population, thousand persons148,30625,53028,434263,8141,203,097
Population density, persons per km28.72.72.928.1125.4

Siberia contains 20 entities of the Russian Federation. Its population, residing mainly along the Trans-Siberian Railway and in the south, amounts to 15% of the whole Russia population. It is the most northern, the coldest and the least populated part of Siberia that is fraught with immense natural riches. 

Siberia's share in natural resources of Russia

  • fuel and power resources - over 80%; 
  • prospected gas reserves - 85%; 
  • prospected coal reserves - 75%; 
  • prospected petroleum reserves - 65%; 
  • potential hydroelectric power resources - 45%; 
  • timber reserves - over 50%; 
  • large deposits of non-ferrous metal ores and various minerals, including diamonds.

Development of Siberia, since its joining Russia in late XVI century has always been associated with exploitation of its natural resources: first fur, then lands, noble metals, now mostly raw materials and power resources. To develop these resources, cities and industrial communities with fuel-power, mining and processing industry were built, and thousands of kilometres of petroleum and gas pipelines, railways, highways and electric power transmission lines were laid. 

In XX century, an accelerated development of natural resources of Siberia started in the 50-ies with setting up territorial-industrial complexes and construction of large hydroelectric power stations. Since the 60-ies, an intense build-up of the fuel-power complex has started on the basis of West-Siberian petroleum and gas fields. At that time, the Siberian Branch of the Academy of Sciences, aimed at promoting a more rapid growth of productive forces of Siberia, was designed and made it first steps. 

In the territorial division of labour within the former Soviet Union, and now within Russia, the Siberian region has become the greatest producer and supplier of fuel and electric power, mineral raw materials, precious and non-ferrous metals, diamonds, products of forestry, wood-working and pulp- and paper industry, and some power-consuming chemical products. There are also machine engineering, light and foodstuff industry enterprises. 

Southern Siberia is a major agricultural region, although the natural climatic conditions are difficult for intensive agriculture. 

By the late 80ies, Siberia became one of the most economically powerful regions of Russia. In terms of production capacities, it was second only to the Central economic region. Specific character of the Siberian economy was primarily determined by high-rate build-up of raw-materials branches and by the fact that Siberia, still since pre-war years, has played the role of a "gunsmith's shop" of the country. 

During the post-Soviet transition to a new economic system, complicated by the overall crisis, the permanent process of growth of Siberia suspended. After a decade of reforms, according to estimates of economists of the Siberian Branch of the RAS, the gross domestic product of Siberia makes up 52-55% of its former level. Population growth has ceased. 

The future of Siberia largely depends on the scientific and educational potential accumulated here. Its core is the Siberian branches of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Russian Academies of Medical Sciences and of Agricultural Sciences, and the system of higher schools.