Tour to Moscow, 2 days / 1 nights

Dear Guests!

We invite you to make a short tour to Moscow before going to TransSib excursion. It will be better for you to have a short rest after arriving from your country before this full of impressions trip to Siberia.

Dear Travellers!

If you want to make your own route on Trans-Siberian Railway, please, contact us, and we will gladly try to do our best to fulfil your wishes. You can add some more cities or excursions. Also you can add some more days in every city. We are waiting for your request!

Precios desde 407 Euro per persona!

Por ejemplo, DBL alojamiento en hotel Cosmos**** (desayuno incluido) 1 noche, 1 billete para el tren Moscu - Ulan-Bator - 407 Euro per persona.

Envien sus preguntas a info@transsib-russia.com.

Essentials

Customs:

On entering the country, tourists must complete a customs declaration form which must be retained until departure. This allows the import of articles intended for personal use, including currency and valuables which must be registered on the declaration form. Cameras, jewellery, computers and musical instruments should all be declared.

Prohibited imports: Military weapons and ammunition, narcotics and drug paraphernalia, pornography, loose pearls, fruit and vegetables and live animals.

Prohibited exports: As prohibited imports, as well as annulled securities, state loan certificates, lottery tickets, works of art and antiques (unless permission has been granted by the Ministry of Culture), saiga horns, Siberian stag, punctuate and red deer antlers (unless on organised hunting trmp), and punctuate deer skins.



Social conventions:

It is customary to shake hands when greeting someone. Visits to homes and cities can be organised and visitors will find that, although the people vary from region to region and from city to city, they are welcoming and hospitable. Company or business gifts are well received. Each region has its own characteristic mode of dress, some quite unlike Western styles, and visitors should be aware of this contrast. Conservative wear is suitable for most places and the seasonal weather should always be borne in mind. Smoking is acceptable unless stated otherwise.



Food:

The kind of food visitors will eat from day to day depends on which city they are visiting and the time of year. Breakfast is often similar to the Scandinavian, with cold meats, boiled eggs and bread served with Russian tea. Kasha (porridge) is a staple breakfast dish, made with milk and oats, buckwheat or semolina. For the midday and evening meal the food is often more traditional, again depending on the region. One of the more famous Russian dishes is borshch, a beetroot soup served hot with sour cream, and the sister dish of akroshka, a kvas soup served cold. Several dishes which are now often seen as international but find their origin in Russia are beef stroganov (beef stewed in sour cream with fried potatoes), blini (small pancakes filled with caviar, fish, melted butter or sour cream), aladyi (crumpets with the same filling and jam) and e specially ikra or krasnaya ikra (black and red caviar). The local chicken kiev should not be confused with Western imitations. Tsipleonok tabaka is another chicken dish: the meat is roast on a spit. Whole roast suckling pig and roast goose stuffed with buckwheat, roast duck stuffed with apples and shashlik (shish kebab) are served at parties and for special occasions. A vegetable variant of shashlik also exists. Local dishes well worth trying include kotlyety po Pozharsky (chicken cutlets), pirozhky (fried rolls with different fillings, usually meat), prostakvasha (yoghurt), pelmeni (meat dumplings), rossolnik (hot soup, usually made of pickled vegetables) and shchi (cabbage soup). Stuffed cabbage leaves and sweet peppers are filled with boiled rice and minced meat. Mushrooms in sour cream are very popular. The great variety of salads available include winter salad and vinegret (made of diced vegetables). Desserts include morozhenoye (ice cream), ponchiki (hot sugared doughnuts) and vareniki (dumplings containing fresh berries, cherries or jam).



Shopping:

Most consumer goods are now available in Moscow and St Petersburg. A wide range of goods such as watches, cameras, wines and spirits, furs, ceramics and glass, jewellery and toys may be bought, shops now take payment in Roubles only. A system of queueing is used in local shops for choosing goods, for payment and for collection, so allow some time for souvenir hunting. Palekh and Kholui lacquered boxes make attractive souvenirs. Traditional and satirical Matryoshka dolls (wooden dolls within dolls) are widely available. Khokhloma wooden cups, saucers and spoons are painted gold, red and black. Dymkovskaya Igrushka are pottery figurines based on popular folklore characters. Engraved amber, Gzhel porcelain, Vologda lace and Faberge eggs and jewellery are highly sought-after. Most tourist shops are closed Sunday, but food shops are usually open every day. Antiquities, valuables, works of art and manuscripts other than those offered for sale in souvenir shops may not be taken out of the CIS without an export licence. Department stores and supermarkets are open throughout lunchtime. Stores which are open 24 hours a day are becoming more common.

Safety:

Safety rules are universal - you should stick to them in every city worldwide, no matter where you travel. So just keep in mind the following recommendations:

  • Walking at night use your common sense, don't go alone, don't go into dark unlit areas, or other areas you are unfamiliar with;
  • Never leave your bags unattended. When sitting or resting, in public, be sure to loop the handle over your arm or leg;
  • Any valuables should be locked away in a safe place (e.g. a safe deposit box in your hotel);
  • Be on alert for handbag snatchers and pickpockets, especially in crowded places - markets, shops, etc.;
  • Try not to carry your passport around everywhere you go. You may leave it in the hotel deposit box and take copies of passport and visa with you together with the hotel guest card;
  • Always carry the address of your hotel in Russian and its telephone number and that of your embassy;
  • Avoid buying food from street vendors;
  • Be very selective and careful in establishing new acquaintances.



Electricity:

To use your electric-powered equipment, bring a converter and a plug adapter. The electrical current in Moscow is 220 volts, 50 cycles alternating current (AC); wall outlets take continental-type plugs, with two round prongs.




Time:

Kaliningrad: GMT + 2
Moscow, St Petersburg: GMT + 3
Mineralnye Vody, Nalchik: GMT + 3
Volgograd: GMT + 4
Irkutsk: GMT + 8
Tiksi, Yakutsk: GMT + 9
Khabarovsk, Okhotsk, Vladivostok: GMT + 10
Magadan, Sakhalin Island: GMT + 11
Anadyr, Petropavlosk: GMT + 12

You must add 1 hr. from last Sunday in March to Saturday before last Sunday in September




Drink:

One of the most popular drinks is chai (tea served without milk). Coffee is generally available with meals and in cafes, although standards vary. Soft drinks, fruit juices and mineral waters are widely available. Vodka is often flavoured and coloured with herbs and spices such as zubrovka (a kind of grass), ryabinovka (steeped with rowan-tree berries), starka (dark, smooth, aged vodka) and pertsovka (with hot pepper). Posolskaya, Stolichnaya and Rossiskaya are popular brands. Krushon is a highly-recommended cold 'punch'; champagne, brandy and summer fruit are poured into a hollowed watermelon and chilled for several hours. This delicious cocktail is traditionally served from a crystal bowl. White wine and cucumber are used to make a drier variant. Nastoika is a fortified wine made of herbs, leaves, flowers, fruit and roots of plants with medicinal properties. Nalivka is a sweet liqueur made with fruit or berries. The cherry and strawberry flavours are highly recommended. Ryabin Cognac ('Ryabina na Konyakye') is made from rowan-tree berries.

Russian champagne is surprisingly good and reasonably priced. Imported wines from Georgia, Ukraine and Moldova and Armenian Cognac are excellent (for further information, see the separate entries on these countries). Kvas is a refreshing and unusual drink, made from a fermented mixture of rye bread, jam, yeast and water, and should be tried on a hot day. Drinks are ordered by grams or by the bottle. City-centre bars close around midnight.




Nightlife:

Theatre, circus, concert and variety performances are the main evening entertainments. Tickets are available in advance or from ticket booths immediately before performances. The repertoire of theatres provides a change of program almost nightly. In the course of one month, 30 different productions may be presented by the Bolshoi Opera and Ballet Company. Details of performances can be obtained on arrival. Visitors should apply to the service bureau of their hotel. Dancing takes place in many of hotel restaurants and night bars, as well as in the main local restaurants. Moscow alone boasts 69 casinos, including the Cherry Casino and Gabriella. Discotheques include Night Flight and Arlekino, which also has a restaurant. The Russkaya Troika restaurant in the Orlenok Hotel has a cabaret show. All of these establishments are open from 22.00-06.00.